Monthly Archives: May 2016

The Internet Defender

Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks are increasingly in the news, and are becoming ever more sophisticated and larger in scale.

CERN experiment points to a cloudier pre-industrial climate

“These results are the most important so far by the CLOUD experiment at CERN,” said CLOUD spokesperson, Jasper Kirkby. “When the nucleation and growth of pure biogenic aerosol particles is included in climate models, it should sharpen our understanding of the impact of human activities on clouds and climate.”

IAEA Completes Nuclear Security Review Mission in Albania

An International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts today completed a mission to review national nuclear security practices in Albania.

Scientists illuminate a hidden regulator in gene transcription

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Gene transcription is the process by which DNA is copied and synthesized as messenger RNA (mRNA) — which delivers its genetic blueprints to the cell’s protein-making machinery.

Why children confuse simple words

“Children seem to interpret disjunction like conjunction,” observes Danny Fox, the Anshen-Chomsky Professor in Language and Thought at MIT and co-author of a paper detailing the study.

Are mystery Mars plumes caused by space weather?

Amateur astronomers using telescopes on Earth were the first to report an unusual cloud-like plume in 2012 that topped-out high above the surface of Mars at an altitude around 250 km. The feature developed in less than 10 hours, covered an area of up to 1000 x 500 km, and remained visible for around 10 days.

Graphene-based nanolubricants could grease automotive industry’s future

Recent research has shown that adding nanoparticles to liquids significantly enhances some of their properties. “Nanofluids” have been synthesised using carbon nanotubes and various metallic, oxide and ceramic nanoparticles.

Catching rice-invading snails in the act

Invasive apple snails were introduced into Malaysia from South America around 1991. They can be used as a food source for humans and to keep aquariums clean, but are not always effective. Many apple snails were discarded into the wild, establishing them as a major pest, feeding on young rice seedlings and causing widespread damage to and sometimes complete loss of rice crops.

Alexander Gerst to be Space Station commander

Alexander’s mission will continue the programme of research that often spans multiple missions. His second flight will likely see Alexander working with ESA’s Mares muscle measurement machine, researching plasma crystals in weightlessness, and testing new technologies to support ESA’s human exploration programme, in addition to the experiments of Station partners.

African mosaic

Presented at the recent Living Planet Symposium in Prague, Czech Republic, this is the first mosaic of Africa generated through ESA’s Climate Change Initiative Land Cover project.

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